Divided by more than the St. Lawrence River
by Ernest R. Rugenstein
The history of the division at Akwesasne.
Annie Garrow, a full-blooded Mohawk, was walking down a road she had walked down many times. With her were twenty-four dyed ash splint baskets. She was heading to Hogansburg, a small village in New York. She was still on the reservation, she had relatives that lived all around this part of Akwesasne, but she had crossed an invisible line. An act that would lead to the Supreme Court of the United States of America and change the perceptions of Mohawks had about government jurisdictions and their land. Decades later this jurisdictional paradigm would lead to death and destruction.
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Mohawk Akwesasne reservation
Dr. Rugenstein received his Ph.D. in Cultural History from Union Institute & University. He currently teachers honor courses in history and sociology at a local community college and is actively investigating an archaeological site in the Adirondacks. His specialties include Historical Research, Native American History and Archaeology. He has created a number of college level courses and is published. One of his books, Akwesasne, Divided by more than the St. Lawrence River is currently being used as a textbook on campuses. He has presented at various conferences, which include the American Historical Association, the Canadian History of Education Association and the Annual Algonquian People’s Conference. Additionally, he has reviewed a number of textbooks and articles.